Ficus elastica ‘Robusta

Rubber Plant, Indian Rubber Tree

The rubber fig is a broadleaf evergreen shrub or tree with dark lacquered leathery leaves that make for a stylish focal point in any room.

The Ficus elastica ‘Robusta’ cultivar is distinguished by the reddish midribs of the leaves and spectacular lipstick red growth buds.

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Origin: North East India, Eastern Himalayas, and South East Asia
Genus: Ficus
Species / Cultivar: elastica 'Abidjan'
Common Name: Rubber Plant, Indian Rubber Tree
Synonym: Ficus clusiifolia

Plant Biography

Native from North East India to South East China, it is commonly called the India rubber tree because of its milky sap that can be used to produce rubber, which also gives rise to the name elastica.

In the Tropics Ficus elastica is widely grown as an ornamental tree. Mature trees of this species can grow 50 to 100 foot tall and develop banyan-like aerial roots that form trunks.

In colder climates, like the UK, it has become a popular statement houseplant for its easy care requirements and striking appearance.

Ficus elastica ‘Robusta
Temperature: >12°C
Temperature range at which this plant is healthiest and grows best.

Expert Tip

The deep purple tinge to the leaves is enhanced when placed in a brighter position, though direct hot sunlight should still be avoided.
Care & Size Guidance

Care & Size Guidance

Water when the top few centimetres of soil is dry to the touch and keep it in a position that gets bright but indirect light and Ficus elastica will thrive.

This plant can eventually grow to 3 metres indoors in ideal conditions, though it can be easily pruned to keep it more compact.


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