Ficus elastica ‘Robusta

Rubber Plant, Indian Rubber Tree


Ficus elastica ‘Robusta,’ commonly known as the Rubber Plant, is a highly sought-after indoor houseplant renowned for its striking visual appeal and ease of care. Originating from Southeast Asia, this variety features large, glossy leaves that are deep green and can reach an impressive 30 centimetres in length. Its lush foliage adds a touch of tropical elegance to any indoor setting.


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Origin: North East India, Eastern Himalayas, and South East Asia
Genus: Ficus
Species / Cultivar: elastica 'Robusta'
Common Name: Rubber Plant, Indian Rubber Tree

Plant Biography

Ficus elastica, commonly known as the Rubber Plant, has a botanical history rooted in Southeast Asia, primarily India and Indonesia. It belongs to the Moraceae family and is native to rainforests and tropical regions. Historically, indigenous communities in these regions tapped the plant for its latex, which was used in the production of rubber.

In the 19th century, British colonialists and plant enthusiasts introduced Ficus elastica to Europe. It gained immense popularity as a houseplant during the Victorian era due to its attractive, large, and resilient foliage.

Today, Ficus elastica has become a staple in indoor gardening and landscaping worldwide. It has undergone various cultivar developments, including ‘Robusta,’ which is celebrated for its vibrant, glossy leaves. This plant’s rich botanical history continues to evolve, as it remains a cherished choice for adding greenery and elegance to indoor spaces.

Ficus elastica ‘Robusta
Light: Bright Indirect
This plant likes sun, but keep out of direct sunlight. Best placed in an area near a window.
Soil: Indoor Potting Mix
Enjoys moist well drained soil with composted organics and some drainage material.
Temperature: 10-24°C
Temperature range at which this plant is healthiest and grows best.
Growth Rate: Medium
Expect to see moderate growth during growing season.
Humidity: Medium
Easygoing in regular home conditions, keep away from cold draughts and heat sources.
Maintenance: A little
Easy to care for, just keep an eye on any extra environmental needs such as humidity.
Eventual Height: 2.5-4+m
The plant's ultimate height in typical growing conditions.
Eventual Spread: 1-1.5m
The plant's ultimate spread in typical growing conditions.
Care & Size Guidance

Care & Size Guidance

‘Robusta’ is prized for its adaptability, thriving in a range of lighting conditions, from bright, indirect light to low-light environments. This versatility makes it a top choice for both novice and experienced plant enthusiasts. By following simple care guidelines, including proper watering and occasional misting for humidity, Ficus elastica ‘Robusta’ can flourish, becoming a bold, vibrant centrepiece in your home or office décor.

Caring for Ficus elastica ‘Robusta’ is relatively straightforward. Place it in bright, indirect light, avoiding direct sun exposure. Allow the soil to dry slightly between watering, but ensure the pot has proper drainage to prevent overwatering. Maintain a temperature range between 12-24°C. Regularly wipe the large, glossy leaves to keep them dust-free and promote healthy growth. Fertilise sparingly during the growing season (spring and summer). With this care routine, ‘Robusta’ will thrive as an attractive and resilient indoor plant, adding a touch of tropical beauty to your living space.

Expert Tip

Maintaining high humidity will encourage the plant to form attractive aerial roots.


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