Hyophorbe lagenicaulis

Bottle Palm


Famous worldwide, Hyophorbe lagenicaulis goes by the common name of Bottle Palm which perfectly describes the distinctive swollen trunk that this beautiful palm develops as it matures.

The crown of 4-6 mid-green leaves is held upright and new leaves and leaf stalks often have a reddish tint. The Bottle Palm grows slowly and over time will form the swollen concrete-grey trunk from which it gets its common name.


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Origin: Mauritius
Genus: Hyophorbe
Species / Cultivar: lagenicaulis
Common Name: Bottle Palm

Plant Biography

The Hyophorbe lagenicaulis is a naturally endemic plant to Round Island in the Mascarene Islands, in the Indian Ocean. Though in the wild the species is classified as ‘critically endangered’ due to invasive species introduced to the island, the Bottle palm is fairly ubiquitous in cultivation throughout the tropical belt as a garden palm tree and in the colder climates as a house plant.

Mature plants are bizarrely reminiscent of Chianti bottles often seen in Italian restaurants – the ringed trunk passing for those straw baskets and the smooth crown shaft the bottle neck.

Rather than candles the ‘bottles’ are topped by an open crown of strongly recurving pinnate leaves. Best grown in good light in a tropical greenhouse, conservatory, or a bright warm room indoors, these beautiful palms look good from an early age, quickly thickening around the middle. And not due to too much pizza and pasta!

Hyophorbe lagenicaulis
Light: Bright Indirect
This plant likes sun, but keep out of direct sunlight. Best placed in an area near a window.
Soil: Indoor Potting Mix
Enjoys moist well drained soil with composted organics and some drainage material.
Temperature: 16 - 32°C°C
Temperature range at which this plant is healthiest and grows best.
Growth Rate: Slow
Expect to see quite small amounts of growth over the years.
Water Requirement: Regular Watering
Water when soil surface is dry to the touch. Water must draining easily away.
Humidity: Medium
Easygoing in regular home conditions, keep away from cold draughts and heat sources.
Maintenance: A little
Easy to care for, just keep an eye on any extra environmental needs such as humidity.
Eventual Height: 3.5m
The plant's ultimate height in typical growing conditions.
Eventual Spread: 1m
The plant's ultimate spread in typical growing conditions.
Care & Size Guidance

Care & Size Guidance

The Hyophorbe lagenicaulis are very low-maintenance plants. Feed regularly during the growing period with a palm fertiliser and mist occasionally to raise the humidity.

The Bottle palm thrives in a bright room with plenty of direct or indirect sunlight. As they originate in a tropical area, they thrive in places with temperatures above 15 degrees, but well ventilated.

It can be kept outdoors in summer months if placed in a sheltered spot with plenty of sunlight. Bring outdoors in spring as soon as the temperatures overnight go above 12 degrees and keep in a part shade position to allow the plant to adapt from life indoors. Move back into the house as soon as overnight temperatures fall below 12 degrees.

Limit watering in winter, keep it on a drier side.

Will need repotting every few years, but don’t be tempted to pot it up too soon. They can survive happily for many years in pots, even when they are trunking. When choosing the soil mix, choose a sandy or loamy mix and make sure you include sand, horticultural grit or perlite to keep the soil draining fast.


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