Polystichum makinoi

Makino's Holly Fern

Polystichum makinoi is a magnificent evergreen fern from Asia with bipinnate, glossy deep green fronds. Perfect for ground cover or as a woodland specimen.

The Makinos Holly Fern makes for a neat, medium to large sized fern with a non-spreading, tidy growing habit.

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Origin: China, Japan
Genus: Polystichum
Species / Cultivar: makinoi
Common Name: Makino's Holly Fern

Plant Biography

Native to China and Japan this fern with beautiful arching, triangular fronds can reach up to 75cm in height, with a spread of approximately 60cm. Fully hardy and easy to grow, this species tolerates hot and humid summers well.

Polystichum makinoi is a fern of an exceptional beauty and charm yet is rarely seen outside of specialist collections. Ideally plant into rich moist soil in shade – deep, damp woodland conditions would make it feel quite at home.

Polystichum makinoi
Soil: Moist but Well Drained
Soil that allows water to drain at a moderate rate, without the water pooling.
Growth Rate: Medium
Expect to see moderate growth during growing season.
Final Size: Small
Will stay small enough for a desk or shelf.
Water Requirement: High
Likely to require supplementary watering in warmer months, even once established.
Humidity: High
Provide moist air via daily misting or trays of wet grit. Keep away from drafts and heaters.
Maintenance: Low
Minimal skill or input needed beyond the basics, a very independent plant.
Situation: Part Shade to Full Shade
Can enjoy several hours of direct sunlight, but also happy in full shade.
Eventual Height: 0.5 - 1.0m
The plant's ultimate height in typical growing conditions.
Eventual Spread: 0.5 - 1.0m
The plant's ultimate spread in typical growing conditions.
Hardiness: Fully Hardy
Will survive unprotected outdoors in most areas of the UK, even in the harshest winters.
Habit: Evergreen
Always in leaf throughout the year. It won't lose all its leaves at any one time.
Lifecycle: Perennial
This plant is persistant and does not die off after flowering. It will return each season indefinitely, if provided with suitable growing conditions.

Expert Tip

A great fern for ground cover or for small planters in shaded spots. Combine it with brightly coloured plants for a maximum impact.
Care & Size Guidance

Care & Size Guidance

The Polystichum makinoi is a very easy to care for fern. Plant in hummus rich, moist soil.

Fertilise every spring with a high nitrogen fertiliser to encourage vigorous growth.

Prune old or damaged leaves in spring and cut back in late winter or spring to keep it under control.


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