Pinus pinea

stone pine

A distinctive, charismatic Mediterranean evergreen conifer, eventually reaching a great height with dome shaped dark green canopy and attractive copper-tinted fissured grey bark.

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Origin: Mediterranean Europe and Near East
Genus: Pinus
Species / Cultivar: pinea
Common Name: stone pine

Plant Biography

This tree originated in coastal Mediterranean areas, from Southern Europe through to Palestine, Israel, Lebanon and Syria. It is found on coastal dunes and flats, and also on the lower slopes of hills and mountains up to 600 m above sea level.


The edible seeds of the stone pine, popularly known as ‘pine nuts’, have been enjoyed for thousands of years, and were considered a delicacy by Roman soldiers. Pinus pinea is widely cultivated for a great number of other products and uses, as well as environmental protection such as consolidation of coastal dunes, soil conservation and protection of coastal agricultural crops.

Pinus pinea - Half Standard
Soil: Indoor Potting Mix
Enjoys moist well drained soil with composted organics and some drainage material.
Growth Rate: Slow
This plant is particularly slow to grow, even during growing season.
Water Requirement: Medium
Once it is established, this plant is likely to only require watering during drier periods.
Maintenance: A little
Easy to look after but may occasionally require some attention in order to thrive.
Situation: Full Sun
Wants direct, unfiltered sunlight most of the day, such as a south facing position.
Eventual Height: 15-20m
The plant's ultimate height in typical growing conditions.
Eventual Spread: 8-10m
The plant's ultimate spread in typical growing conditions.
Hardiness: Hardy
Survives unprotected in an average winter. May need protection in extreme long frosts.
Habit: Evergreen
Always in leaf throughout the year. It won't lose all its leaves at any one time.

Expert Tip

Given its coastal habitat of origin, this species performs its best in sandy loam soil of slightly acidic to neutral pH in full sun. Young plants may need a bit of protection in colder gardens or harsh winters.
Care & Size Guidance

Care & Size Guidance

Pinus pinea can reach 15-20m at maturity, but is reasonably slow growing. Like with most woody species, be sure to plant no deeper than the soil level in the pot it comes with (often called the ‘nursery line’): Allowing extra soil or mulch to accumulate around the trunk base will make it prone to rot and other issues.


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