Agave victoriae-reginae

Queen Victoria Agave

Agave victoriae-reginae is a compact agave growing into a densely-crowded rosette of short, thick, rigid, incurved, triangular-section leaves, their toothless margins edged in white and tipped in black. There is also silvery white bud-printing on the leaves which, together with the play of light and shadow, gives the whole plant an alluring pattern.

It can tolerate a few degrees of frost when kept dry so can be tried outdoors in the mildest locations, but its compact size make it ideal for pot culture. Bring undercover during the coldest nights, or keep in a sunny conservatory.

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Origin: Northern Mexico
Genus: Agave
Species / Cultivar: victoriae-reginae
Common Name: Queen Victoria Agave

Plant Biography

Agave victoriae-reginae, or Queen Victoria agave, originates from northern Mexico. Introduced by botanist Karl Koch in 1850, it’s named after Queen Victoria. Known for its symmetric rosette of triangular leaves with white markings, this species thrives in arid climates.

In the wild, this species hybridized fairly easily, creating several subspecies

It is favoured by collectors for its ornamental value and resilience. Widely used in gardens globally, Agave victoriae-reginae adds elegance and endurance to landscapes.

Agave victoriae-reginae
Light: Direct
This plant likes as much sun as possible. Best placed in direct sunlight in a bright window.
Soil: Cacti and Succulent Mix
Enjoys a drier soil with a high ratio of drainage material.
Growth Rate: Slow
Expect to see quite small amounts of growth over the years.
Water Requirement: Minimal Watering
In summer water sparingly when soil has dried out significantly. Little to no water in winter.
Maintenance: Low
Requires no attention beyond correct position and watering. An ideal starter plant!
Situation: Full Sun
Wants direct, unfiltered sunlight most of the day, such as a south facing position.
Eventual Height: 0.5m
The plant's ultimate height in typical growing conditions.
Eventual Spread: 0.5m
The plant's ultimate spread in typical growing conditions.
Hardiness: Half Hardy
Will need protection from frosts in order to survive winter, eg. with fleece jacket.
Habit: Evergreen
Always in leaf throughout the year. It won't lose all its leaves at any one time.
Care & Size Guidance

Care & Size Guidance

Agave victoriae-reginae requires well-drained soil and full sunlight, thriving in in hot and exposed locations. Water sparingly, as it’s drought-tolerant once established. This species typically reaches no more than 50cm in height and spread, making it suitable for both indoor and outdoor settings, including containers.

Regular pruning of dead or damaged leaves helps maintain its appearance. With its low-maintenance nature and striking appearance, Queen Victoria agave is an ideal choice for xeriscapes and arid gardens, adding visual interest and texture to landscapes.


Compared to other Agaves, the A.victoria-reginae does not produce basal shoots (suckers). The main way to propagate the A.victoria-reginae is through seeds.


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