Yucca gloriosa

Spanish Dagger, Adam's Needle

(3 customer reviews)

Yucca gloriosa has been cultivated in the UK for nearly 500 years and was much favoured in Victorian seaside plantings as a tough, dependable, evergreen plant with striking architectural form.

With age the so-called Spanish Dagger will form a branched trunk with a few crowns of densely-rosetted, ferocious spine-tipped leaves, so planting it away from high traffic areas is paramount.

Want to be notified when this product is back in stock?

Origin: Southeastern US
Genus: Yucca
Species / Cultivar: gloriosa
Common Name: Spanish Dagger, Adam's Needle
Synonym: Yucca acuminata, Yucca acutifolia

Plant Biography

Originally from South-Eastern US, where it grows along the coast in exposed sand dunes, the Yucca gloriosa is widely cultivated in subtropical and arid gardens as it creates an architectural focal point.

In cultivation it is much confused with Yucca recurvifolia, apparently with which it readily hybridises, so ‘true’ Yucca gloriosa are seen infrequently.

An up to 2.5 metre tall branched spike of creamy-white bells is produced late in the year – often, in the UK, not fully developing before frosts.

Yucca gloriosa
Soil: Well drained
Soil that does not show much signs of moisture, either visibly or when handled.
Growth Rate: Slow
This plant is particularly slow to grow, even during growing season.
Water Requirement: Low
Will grow in a drier position and is unlikely to need regular watering once established.
Maintenance: Low
Minimal skill or input needed beyond the basics, a very independent plant.
Situation: Full Sun
Wants direct, unfiltered sunlight most of the day, such as a south facing position.
Eventual Height: 1.5 - 2.5m
The plant's ultimate height in typical growing conditions.
Eventual Spread: 1.5 - 2.0m
The plant's ultimate spread in typical growing conditions.
Hardiness: Fully Hardy
Will survive unprotected outdoors in most areas of the UK, even in the harshest winters.
Habit: Evergreen
Always in leaf throughout the year. It won't lose all its leaves at any one time.
Lifecycle: Perennial
This plant is persistant and does not die off after flowering. It will return each season indefinitely, if provided with suitable growing conditions.

Expert Tip

The Yucca gloriosa can be propagated by seed (though this method may require a bit of expertise) or via rooted suckers.
Care & Size Guidance

Care & Size Guidance

The plant is very hardy and it can withstand temperatures down to -20 degrees Celsius with no damage. It can easily handle the occasional snow or freezing temperatures. Younger specimens or recently planted Yucca gloriosa should be protected over winter with a horticultural fleece and kept as dry as possible.

The Spanish dagger is a fairly unpretentious plant, it will happily grow in dry to medium moisture soils, full sun but it will tolerate a few hours of shade.

It’s the perfect choice for arid gardens, it will cope well with drought and exposed coastal gardens as it shows an unparalleled tolerance to salt.

Very happy with size and health of yucca, love it!!


Very happy with size and health of yucca, love it!!

3 customer reviews for Yucca gloriosa

Arrived rapidly and in perfect condition. Beautiful plant, thank you.

Karen Kirkman (verified owner)

Great healthy plant many thanks

Kay Hayes

Very happy with size and health of yucca, love it!!