Ficus carica ‘Brown Turkey’

Common Fig


The common fig is a charismatic deciduous garden favourite, with large dramatic lobed foliage and delicious fruits, which grow best with root restriction and a sunny wall position. ‘Brown Turkey’ is the most popular cultivar for its reliable and prolific fruiting.


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Origin: Syria and Persia
Genus: Ficus
Species / Cultivar: carica "Brown Turkey"
Common Name: Common Fig

Plant Biography

Ficus carica is native to Syria and Persia. It is one of the earliest plants to be cultivated by humans, and has been recorded as cultivated in Britain since Roman times!

Figs have a place in the mythology of a great many cultures, for example the Babylonian goddess Ishtar took the form of a divine fig tree Xikum, the ‘primeval mother at the central place of the earth.’

Botanically speaking, the fig fruit is an ‘infructescence’ – a type of multiple fruit. The sap of fig plants can be a skin irritant and for some the fruit is also an allergen.

Ficus carica ‘Brown Turkey’
Soil: Moist but Well Drained
Soil that allows water to drain at a moderate rate, without the water pooling.
Growth Rate: Medium
Expect to see moderate growth during growing season.
Water Requirement: Medium
Once it is established, this plant is likely to only require watering during drier periods.
Maintenance: A little
Easy to look after but may occasionally require some attention in order to thrive.
Situation: Full Sun to Part Shade
Enjoys direct sun most of the day, but tolerant of fewer sunlit hours or light dappling.
Eventual Height: 3m
The plant's ultimate height in typical growing conditions.
Eventual Spread: 4m
The plant's ultimate spread in typical growing conditions.
Hardiness: Hardy
Survives unprotected in an average winter. May need protection in extreme long frosts.
Habit: Deciduous
Sheds all its foliage annually, so for a period of the year it will be without foliage.

Expert Tip

If grown for fruit it requires careful pruning, root restriction and ideally wall protection. However they also make amazing ornamental foliage plants in their own right, and will bring abundant Mediterranean leafiness even to dry part shade!
Care & Size Guidance

Care & Size Guidance

Hard frosts may cut back the top growth but they are tough plants that can produce vigorous new growth from below ground if needed. They are a great choice for a large study container.


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