Agave chrysantha

Golden Flowered Century Plant, Golden Flowered Agave


Agave chrysantha, also referred to as the Golden Flowered Century Plant, is a captivating succulent native to the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico. This resilient plant boasts a rosette of spiky, sword-shaped leaves with serrated edges.

Agave chrysantha is superbly adapted to arid desert environments, thriving in rocky and sandy soils. Its ability to endure harsh drought conditions due to its water-storing leaves makes it a noteworthy arid plant.


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Origin: Arizona, USA
Genus: Agave
Species / Cultivar: chrysantha
Common Name: Golden Flowered Century Plant, Golden Flowered Agave

Plant Biography

Agave chrysantha, also known as the Golden Flowered Century Plant, holds a significant botanical history. Native to the the US state of Arizona, it boasts spiky, sword-shaped leaves with serrated edges and striking golden-yellow flowers on tall stalks. Its name, “chrysantha,” originates from the Greek words “chrysos” (golden) and “anthos” (flower), highlighting its stunning golden-yellow blossoms that emerge on a tall flowering stalk.

Indigenous communities, like the Tohono O’odham and Pima tribes, have used this plant for centuries, utilising its leaves for fibre and its sap for food and beverages. In modern times, it has found a place in arid gardens and desert landscaping due to its drought-resistant qualities.

Agave chrysantha
Soil: Well drained
Soil that does not show much signs of moisture, either visibly or when handled.
Growth Rate: Slow
This plant is particularly slow to grow, even during growing season.
Water Requirement: Low
Will grow in a drier position and is unlikely to need regular watering once established.
Maintenance: A little
Easy to look after but may occasionally require some attention in order to thrive.
Situation: Full Sun
Wants direct, unfiltered sunlight most of the day, such as a south facing position.
Eventual Height: 0.6-1.2m
The plant's ultimate height in typical growing conditions.
Eventual Spread: 0.6-1.2m
The plant's ultimate spread in typical growing conditions.
Hardiness: Hardy
Survives unprotected in an average winter. May need protection in extreme long frosts.
Habit: Evergreen
Always in leaf throughout the year. It won't lose all its leaves at any one time.
Care & Size Guidance

Care & Size Guidance

Agave chrysantha, the Golden Flowered Century Plant, requires minimal care. It thrives in full sun with well-draining soil, whether in a container or the ground. Water sparingly, allowing the soil to dry between watering, especially during winter. Prune dead leaves, watch for common pests, and provide frost protection in colder climates. Keep in mind its natural adaptation to arid conditions, avoiding overwatering and rich soil. This hardy plant’s low-maintenance needs make it an excellent choice for gardens with minimal upkeep.

Although the leaves form a compact rosette, reaching a maximum of approximately 1.2 metres in width and height, the flower stalk can grow to heights of up to 7 metres so be sure to allow plenty of room for this.


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