Pachysandra terminalis

Japanese Spurge


Pachysandra terminalis, or Japanese spurge, is a versatile and evergreen ground cover that adds lush beauty to shaded areas in gardens.


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Origin: Japan and China
Genus: Pachysandra
Species / Cultivar: terminalis
Common Name: Japanese Spurge

Plant Biography

Native to Japan and China, this low-maintenance plant was introduced to Western horticulture in the late 19th century. With glossy dark green leaves and small white flowers blooming in early spring, Pachysandra terminalis creates an enchanting carpet effect, effectively suppressing weeds. Perfect for underplanting trees and shrubs, it thrives in partial to full shade and well-draining soil.

Its adaptability and pest-resistance make it a popular choice for urban and woodland gardens.

Enjoy the captivating appeal of Japanese spurge as it transforms shaded landscapes into thriving green havens.

Pachysandra terminalis
Soil: Moist but Well Drained
Soil that allows water to drain at a moderate rate, without the water pooling.
Growth Rate: Medium
Expect to see moderate growth during growing season.
Final Size: Small
Will stay small enough for a desk or shelf.
Water Requirement: Low
Will grow in a drier position and is unlikely to need regular watering once established.
Situation: Part Shade to Full Shade
Can enjoy several hours of direct sunlight, but also happy in full shade.
Eventual Height: 0.1-0.5m
The plant's ultimate height in typical growing conditions.
Eventual Spread: 0.5-1m
The plant's ultimate spread in typical growing conditions.
Hardiness: Hardy
Survives unprotected in an average winter. May need protection in extreme long frosts.
Habit: Evergreen
Always in leaf throughout the year. It won't lose all its leaves at any one time.
Lifecycle: Perennial
This plant is persistant and does not die off after flowering. It will return each season indefinitely, if provided with suitable growing conditions.
Care & Size Guidance

Care & Size Guidance

Pachysandra terminalis prefers a partially shaded area with well-draining soil. This low-maintenance ground cover thrives under trees or in shaded borders. Once established, it forms dense mats that effectively suppress weeds. Water regularly during the establishment phase, and ensure adequate moisture in dry spells. Japanese spurge is adaptable to various soil conditions and resistant to pests and deer. Its evergreen foliage and enchanting white blooms in spring add year-round allure to shaded landscapes, making it a perfect choice for creating a lush and beautiful ground cover with minimal effort.


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