Vinca major

Bigleaf Periwinkle, Greater Periwinkle

£11.95

Vinca major, commonly known as Greater Periwinkle, is an evergreen perennial plant native to the Mediterranean region. This hardy plant features glossy, dark green leaves and vibrant blue-violet flowers, making it a popular choice for ground cover in gardens.

Vinca major thrives in shady and semi-shady areas and adapts well to various soil types. Known for its rapid growth and spreading ability, it effectively controls erosion and suppresses weeds. Ideal for ornamental landscaping, Vinca major adds year-round greenery and seasonal colour to outdoor spaces.

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Origin: Western Mediterranean area
Genus: Vinca
Species / Cultivar: major
Common Name: Bigleaf Periwinkle, Greater Periwinkle

Plant Biography

Vinca major, commonly known as Greater Periwinkle, is a perennial evergreen plant native to the Mediterranean region. Historically, it has been valued for its medicinal properties and ornamental use. The plant was described by Linnaeus in 1753 in his work “Species Plantarum.”

It has been used traditionally to treat a variety of ailments, including circulatory disorders and skin diseases. Vinca major is known for its vigorous growth and ability to spread, often in areas such as dry shade where many other plants won’t thrive. It produces glossy green leaves and blue-violet flowers, thriving in shady and semi-shady environments.

Vinca major
Soil: Well drained
Soil that does not show much signs of moisture, either visibly or when handled.
Growth Rate: Fast
Expect to see prolific growth, especially during growing season.
Water Requirement: Medium
Once it is established, this plant is likely to only require watering during drier periods.
Maintenance: Low
Minimal skill or input needed beyond the basics, a very independent plant.
Situation: Full Sun to Full Shade
Tolerates the complete range of light levels, a very accommodating plant!
Eventual Height: 0.1 - 0.5m
The plant's ultimate height in typical growing conditions.
Eventual Spread: 1.5 - 2.5m
The plant's ultimate spread in typical growing conditions.
Hardiness: Hardy
Survives unprotected in an average winter. May need protection in extreme long frosts.
Habit: Evergreen
Always in leaf throughout the year. It won't lose all its leaves at any one time.
Lifecycle: Perennial
This plant is persistant and does not die off after flowering. It will return each season indefinitely, if provided with suitable growing conditions.
Care & Size Guidance

Care & Size Guidance

Vinca major, or Greater Periwinkle, thrives in shady to semi-shady locations with well-drained soil. It requires minimal maintenance once established, needing only occasional watering during dry spells. This vigorous plant can reach heights of up to 50cm and spreads extensively, making it ideal for ground cover.

Prune regularly to control its growth and prevent it from encroaching on areas where it is not wanted. Fertilise in early spring with a balanced, slow-release fertiliser to encourage lush foliage and abundant blooms. Ensure good air circulation to prevent fungal diseases and promote healthy growth.

Expert Tip

If using as a ground cover, space plants 30-40cm apart and keep well watered and mulched to encourage them to fill out quickly.

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