Camellia japonica (white flower)


Camellia japonica is a captivating evergreen shrub, famed for its striking flowers and deep-green leaves. This variety showcases brilliant white, double blooms which grace gardens from late winter to early spring.

With its captivating blossoms and glossy, dark green foliage, it stands as a remarkable choice for ornamental landscapes.


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Origin: China, Japan, Taiwan and South Korea
Genus: Camellia
Species / Cultivar: japonica 'white flower'

Plant Biography

Camellia japonica, native to East Asia and Japan, holds a centuries-long legacy in horticulture. Revered as the ‘Japanese camellia’, it boasts a rich cultural heritage and symbolic significance in Japanese art and traditions. Initially cultivated for its ornamental beauty, this species garnered immense popularity in the 17th century, spreading its cultivation globally.

Its diverse cultivars and variations have since captivated enthusiasts worldwide, contributing to its reputation as an iconic ornamental plant celebrated for its lush, glossy foliage and captivating, often vibrantly-hued flowers.

Camellia japonica - white flower
Soil: Ericaceous
Will not tolerate an alkaline pH, so pot in ericaceous compost if site is not neutral to acid.
Growth Rate: Slow
This plant is particularly slow to grow, even during growing season.
Water Requirement: Medium
Once it is established, this plant is likely to only require watering during drier periods.
Maintenance: Low
Minimal skill or input needed beyond the basics, a very independent plant.
Situation: Part Shade to Full Shade
Can enjoy several hours of direct sunlight, but also happy in full shade.
Eventual Height: 1.5-2.5m
The plant's ultimate height in typical growing conditions.
Eventual Spread: 0.5-1.5m
The plant's ultimate spread in typical growing conditions.
Hardiness: Hardy
Survives unprotected in an average winter. May need protection in extreme long frosts.
Habit: Evergreen
Always in leaf throughout the year. It won't lose all its leaves at any one time.
Care & Size Guidance

Care & Size Guidance

Camellia japonica demands well-drained, acidic soil and thrives in full- to partial-shade, shielding it from harsh midday sun. Regular watering is vital during dry spells and its establishment period.

This white-flowering variety is slow-growing, and reaches heights of 1.5-2.5 metres after many years. Pruning, if necessary, should occur after flowering to maintain its shape. This evergreen shrub’s breathtaking blossoms make it a perfect choice for borders or specimen planting, offering an exquisite display of colour and texture in gardens.

An ideal spot for Camellias is against a north-facing wall, where they will be protected from the sun and receive the additional benefit of radiated heat on the coldest nights.


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