Euonymous japonicus

Evergreen spindle, Japanese spindle

From: £18.95

Euonymus japonicus, also known as Japanese euonymus or evergreen spindle, is an ornamental shrub prized for glossy, leathery leaves and vibrant green foliage. This versatile plant grows up to 3-4 metres, producing inconspicuous flowers and striking pink fruits. Ideal for hedges, borders, or standalone gardens, it offers year-round appeal with minimal care needs. Thriving in various conditions, Euonymus japonicus suits both sun and partial shade, making it a popular choice for diverse landscapes and garden designs.


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Origin: Japan, Korea, and China
Genus: Euonymous
Species / Cultivar: japonicus
Common Name: Evergreen spindle, Japanese spindle
Synonym: Euonymus pulchellus

Plant Biography

Euonymus japonicus, commonly known as Japanese euonymus or evergreen spindle, originates from East Asia, particularly Japan, Korea, and China. It was first introduced to Western horticulture in the early 1800’s.

Renowned for its ornamental qualities, this species belongs to the Euonymus genus within the Celastraceae family. Its distinctive glossy foliage and adaptability to various growing conditions have made it a popular choice in landscaping and ornamental gardening across different regions worldwide.


Euonymous japonicus
Soil: Moist but Well Drained
Soil that allows water to drain at a moderate rate, without the water pooling.
Growth Rate: Slow
This plant is particularly slow to grow, even during growing season.
Water Requirement: Medium
Once it is established, this plant is likely to only require watering during drier periods.
Maintenance: Low
Minimal skill or input needed beyond the basics, a very independent plant.
Situation: Full Sun to Part Shade
Enjoys direct sun most of the day, but tolerant of fewer sunlit hours or light dappling.
Eventual Height: 3-4m
The plant's ultimate height in typical growing conditions.
Eventual Spread: 1.5-3m
The plant's ultimate spread in typical growing conditions.
Hardiness: Fully Hardy
Will survive unprotected outdoors in most areas of the UK, even in the harshest winters.
Habit: Evergreen
Always in leaf throughout the year. It won't lose all its leaves at any one time.
Care & Size Guidance

Care & Size Guidance

Euonymus japonicus, revered for its glossy, leathery leaves and vibrant green foliage, requires well-draining soil and regular watering, along with intermittent pruning to retain its desired size and shape.

If left to its own devices, this versatile shrub commonly attains heights ranging from 3-4 metres, making it an excellent choice for hedging or standalone use in gardens. However, it is easy to keep trimmed for more formal garden settings, requiring light annual pruning to keep it in shape.

Japanese spindle grows well in various light conditions—ranging from full sun to partial shade—making it a useful addition to many garden landscapes.


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